MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) are available globally, at least in principle, and free – even when available from name universities such as Stanford and MIT.
The phenomenon first took root roughly around 2007 when
Five years ago, George Siemens started a MOOC on what was happening in open education, hoping to do for teaching what M.I.T.’s OpenCourseWare had done for content: it attracted 2,300 participants, with a syllabus translated into several languages. Mr. Siemens, a professor at Athabasca University, a publicly-supported online Canadian institution, said it was quickly apparent that the format created distinctive social networks, as students carried on wide-ranging discussions on their own. (2013)
Technology enabled the move, but didn’t drive it.